Rhaponticin 2''-O-gallate showed inhibitory activity of NO production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages, (IC50 = 11-69 microM).
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Effects of stilbene constituents from rhubarb on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages.[Pubmed: 10714491
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Two new anthraquinone glucosides [chrysophanol 8-O-beta-D-(6'-galloyl)-glucopyranoside, aloe-emodin 1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside] together with various known stilbenes and their glucosides, anthraquinone glucosides, and a naphthalene glucoside were isolated from the rhizome of Rheum undulatum L. Three stilbenes (rhapontigenin, piceatannol, resveratrol), a naphthalene glucoside (torachrysone 8-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside), and two stilbene glucoside gallates (Rhaponticin 2''-O-gallate, Rhaponticin 6''-O-gallate) showed inhibitory activity of NO production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages, (IC50 = 11-69 microM).
The oxygen functions (-OH,-OCH3) at the benzene ring were found to be essential to show the activity. Whereas, the glucoside moiety reduced the activity, while the alpha,beta-double bond did not affect the activity. Furthermore, the active stilbenes (rhapontigenin, piceatannol, resveratrol) inhibited iNOS induction.