Dimethyl lithospermate B

Dimethyl lithospermate B
Product Name Dimethyl lithospermate B
CAS No.: 875313-64-7
Catalog No.: CFN90690
Molecular Formula: C38H34O16
Molecular Weight: 746.67 g/mol
Purity: >=98%
Type of Compound: Phenylpropanoids
Physical Desc.: Powder
Targets: Calcium Channel | Sodium Channel | Potassium Channel
Source: The roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.
Solvent: DMSO, Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.
Price: $168/20mg
Dimethyl lithospermate B is a highly potent natural antioxidant and antidiabetic polyphenol with unknown mode of action.Dimethyl lithospermate B slows inactivation of INa, leading to increased inward current during the early phases of the action potential (AP), might be an excellent candidate for a Na(+) channel agonist; it is effective in eliminating the arrhythmogenic substrate responsible for the Brugada syndrome and that it deserves further study as a pharmacological adjunct to implanted cardioverter/defibrillator usage.
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Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

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The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Circulation. 2006 Mar 21;113(11):1393-400.
    Dimethyl lithospermate B, an extract of Danshen, suppresses arrhythmogenesis associated with the Brugada syndrome.[Pubmed: 16534004]
    Dimethyl lithospermate B (dmLSB) is an extract of Danshen, a traditional Chinese herbal remedy, which slows inactivation of INa, leading to increased inward current during the early phases of the action potential (AP). We hypothesized that this action would be antiarrhythmic in the setting of Brugada syndrome.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    The Brugada syndrome phenotype was created in canine arterially perfused right ventricular wedge preparations with the use of either terfenadine or verapamil to inhibit INa and ICa or pinacidil to activate IK-ATP. AP recordings were simultaneously recorded from epicardial and endocardial sites together with an ECG. Terfenadine, verapamil, and pinacidil each induced all-or-none repolarization at some epicardial sites but not others, leading to ST-segment elevation as well as an increase in both epicardial and transmural dispersions of repolarization (EDR and TDR, respectively) from 12.9+/-9.6 to 107.0+/-54.8 ms and from 22.4+/-8.1 to 82.2+/-37.4 ms, respectively (P<0.05; n=9). Under these conditions, phase 2 reentry developed as the epicardial AP dome propagated from sites where it was maintained to sites at which it was lost, generating closely coupled extrasystoles and ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Addition of dmLSB (10 micromol/L) to the coronary perfusate restored the epicardial AP dome, reduced EDR and TDR to 12.4+/-18.1 and 24.4+/-26.7 ms, respectively (P<0.05; n=9), and abolished phase 2 reentry-induced extrasystoles and ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation in 9 of 9 preparations.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Our data suggest that dmLSB is effective in eliminating the arrhythmogenic substrate responsible for the Brugada syndrome and that it deserves further study as a pharmacological adjunct to implanted cardioverter/defibrillator usage.
    Br J Pharmacol. 2004 Nov;143(6):765-73.
    A novel Na+ channel agonist, dimethyl lithospermate B, slows Na+ current inactivation and increases action potential duration in isolated rat ventricular myocytes.[Pubmed: 15504759]
    Voltage-gated Na(+) channel blockers have been widely used as local anaesthetics and antiarrhythmic agents. It has recently been proposed that Na(+) channel agonists can be used as inotropic agents.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Here, we report the identification of a natural substance that acts as a Na(+) channel agonist. Using the patch-clamp technique in isolated rat ventricular myocytes, we investigated the electrophysiological effects of the substances isolated from the root extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza, which is known as 'Danshen' in Asian traditional medicine. By the intensive activity-guided fractionation, we identified Dimethyl lithospermate B (dmLSB) as the most active component, while LSB, which is the major component of the extract, showed negligible electrophysiological effect. Action potential duration (APD(90)) was increased by 20 microM dmLSB from 58.8 +/- 12.1 to 202.3 +/- 9.5 ms. In spite of the prolonged APD, no early after-depolarization (EAD) was observed. dmLSB had no noticeable effect on K(+) or Ca(2+) currents, but selectively affected Na(+) currents (I(Na)). dmLSB slowed the inactivation kinetics of I(Na) by increasing the proportion of slowly inactivating component without inducing any persistent I(Na). The relative amplitude of slow component compared to the peak fast I(Na) was increased dose dependently by dmLSB (EC(50) = 20 microM). Voltage dependence of inactivation was not affected by dmLSB, while voltage dependence of activation shifted by 5 mV to the depolarised direction.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Since the APD prolongation by dmLSB did not provoke EAD, which is thought as a possible mechanism for the proarrhythmia seen in other Na(+) channel agonists, dmLSB might be an excellent candidate for a Na(+) channel agonist.
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