Aflavarin exhibits potent antifeedant activity against the fungivorous beetle Carpophilus hemipterus.
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Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C)
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
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The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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Aspergillus flavus aswA, a gene homolog of Aspergillus nidulans oefC, regulates sclerotial development and biosynthesis of sclerotium-associated secondary metabolites.[Pubmed: 28442441
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Aspergillus flavus aswA (AFLA_085170) is a gene encoding a Zn(II)2Cys6 DNA-binding domain and a transcriptional activation domain, DUF3468. Disruption of aswA yielded strains that made a truncated gene transcript and generated a fungus that produced a greatly increased number of sclerotia. These sclerotia were odd-shaped and non-pigmented (white) and different from oval and pigmented (dark brown to black) mature sclerotia. Transcriptomic analysis of the Î”aswA strain grown on potato dextrose agar plates and Wickerham agar plates showed that expression of clustering genes involved in the biosynthesis of three sclerotium-associated secondary metabolites was down-regulated. These included gene clusters of asparasone, aflatrem, and Aflavarin. In contrast, those of aflatoxin, cyclopiazonic acid and kojic acid were not affected.
Metabolite analyses confirmed that the non-pigmented sclerotia contained aflatoxin and cyclopiazonic acid but not other aforementioned metabolites, three asparasone analogs and dihydroxyaflavinine commonly present in mature sclerotia. Impairment in aswA gene function stalls normal sclerotial development, which in turn prevents biosynthesis and accumulation of sclerotium-specific metabolites.
Journal of Natural Products, 1992, 55(8):1080-1086.
Aflavarin and Î²-Aflatrem: New Anti-Insectan Metabolites from the Sclerotia of Aspergillus flavus[Reference: WebLink
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Aflavarin , a new bicoumarin, and beta-aflatrem , an isomer of the tremorgen aflatrem, were isolated from the sclerotia of Aspergillus flavus. The structures were determined through a series of 1D and 2D nmr experiments, assisted by spectral comparisons with known compounds. Aflavarin exhibits potent antifeedant activity against the fungivorous beetle Carpophilus hemipterus. Beta-aflatrem causes a significant reduction in the growth rate of the corn earworm Helicoverpa zea.
The presence of nominine  as a minor metabolite of A. flavus is reported for the first time.