Isocarlinoside, L-malic acid, trans-aconitic acid, (+)-isocitric acid , 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 2"-O-rhamnosylisoorientin, and 7-O-(2"-O-glucuronosyl)glucuronosyltricin showed high antifeeding activity against brown planthopper only when they were combined.
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Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C)
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
Biomed Pharmacother.2022, 145:112474.
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids2021, 176:105305.
Arch Biochem Biophys.2020, 687:108384.
Plant Sci.2021, 313:111069.
J Sep Sci.2018, 41(9):1938-1946
ACS Pharmacol. Transl. Sci.2022, 5,7,479-490
Antioxidants (Basel).2021, 10(3):379.
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, 2008, 63(9-10).
Antifeedants of Indian Barnyard Millet, Echinochloa frumentacea Link, against Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)[Pubmed: 19040117
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Eight compounds isolated from Indian barnyard millet have been identified as L-malic acid, trans-aconitic acid, (+)-isocitric acid, 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid, Isocarlinoside, 2"-O-rhamnosylisoorientin, and 7-O-(2"-O-glucuronosyl)glucuronosyltricin, respectively.
These compounds showed high antifeeding activity against brown planthopper only when they were combined.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2003 Oct;51(10):1204-7.
Flavone C-glycosides from Viola yedoensis MAKINO.[Pubmed: 14519932
METHODS AND RESULTS:
A new flavone C-glycoside, apigenin 6-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-L-arabinopyranoside, has been isolated from Viola yedoensis together with the known compounds, apigenin 6,8-di-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isoschaftoside), apigenin 6-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-8-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside (schaftoside), apigenin 6-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-8-C-beta-L-arabinopyranoside (neoschaftoside), apigenin 6,8-di-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (vicenin-2), apigenin 6-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-xylopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-8-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, luteolin 6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isoorientin) and luteolin 6-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (Isocarlinoside).
The structures were determined by spectroscopic methods and new or revised (1)H- and (13)C-NMR spectral assignments are proposed for some compounds.