Licochalcone B has antitumor, antimetastatic, cardioprotective, antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory effects, it can significantly inhibit LPS-induced phosphorylation at serine 276 and transcriptional activation of NF-KB. Licochalcone B can protect the liver from carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced injury, the protection may be due to inhibition of p38 and NFκB signaling, which subsequently reduces inflammation in the liver.
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Food Chem Toxicol. 2014 Mar;65:242-51.
Licochalcone B inhibits growth of bladder cancer cells by arresting cell cycle progression and inducing apoptosis.[Pubmed: 24384411
To examine the mechanisms by which Licochalcone B (LCB) inhibits the proliferation of human malignant bladder cancer cell lines (T24 and EJ) in vitro and antitumor activity in vivo in MB49 (murine bladder cancer cell line) tumor model.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Exposure of T24 or EJ cells to LCB significantly inhibited cell lines proliferation in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner, and resulted in S phase arrest in T24 or EJ cells, respectively. LCB treatment decreased the expression of cyclin A, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK1 and CDK2) mRNA, cell division cycle 25 (Cdc25A and Cdc25B) protein. In addition, LCB treatment down-regulated Bcl-2 and survivin expression, enhanced Bax expression, activated caspase-3 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein. Consistently, the tumorigenicity of LCB-treated MB49 cells was limited significantly by using the colony formation assay in vitro and the MB49 tumor model performed in C57BL/6 mice in vivo.
These findings provide support for the use of LCB in chemoprevention and bladder cancer therapy.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2009 Apr;9(4):499-507.
Glycyrrhiza inflata-derived chalcones, Licochalcone A, Licochalcone B and Licochalcone D, inhibit phosphorylation of NF-kappaB p65 in LPS signaling pathway.[Pubmed: 19291859
Licorice root has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of gastric ulcer, bronchial asthma and inflammation. Licochalcone A is a major component of Xinjiang licorice, Glycyrrhiza inflata.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Previously we showed that Licochalcone A significantly inhibited LPS-induced NF-kappaB transcriptional activation by abrogating the phosphorylation of NF-kappaB p65 at serine 276. Glycyrrhiza inflata contains not only Licochalcone A but also Licochalcone B, Licochalcone C, Licochalcone D, Echinatin and Isoliquiritigenin, harboring the common structure of chalcones. No chalcones had any effect on LPS-induced IkappaB degradation, nuclear translocation and DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB p65; however, we observed that Licochalcone B and Licochalcone D significantly inhibited LPS-induced phosphorylation at serine 276 and transcriptional activation of NF-kappaB, the same as Licochalcone A. Interestingly, we also found that Licochalcone A, Licochalcone B and Licochalcone D effectively inhibited LPS-induced activation of PKA, which is required for the phosphorylation of NF-kappaB p65 at serine 276. Consequently, Licochalcone B and Licochalcone D significantly reduced the LPS-induced production of NO, TNFalpha and MCP-1. On the other hand, Licochalcone C, Echinatin and Isoliquitigenin failed to inhibit LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation.
These findings suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of Glycyrrhiza inflata is ascribable to the potent inhibition of NF-kappaB by Licochalcone A, Licochalcone B and Licochalcone D.
Chem Biol Interact. 2014 Oct 29;224C:142-148.
(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one, a novel licochalcone B derivative compound, suppresses lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inflammatory reactions in RAW264.7 cells and endotoxin shock in mice.[Pubmed: 25451593
Activated macrophages mediate inflammation, as they release nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines in various inflammatory diseases. Suppressing macrophage activation may alleviate inflammatory processes.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Here, we report that (E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (DDP), a novel Licochalcone B derivative compound, inhibits inflammatory reactions in macrophages and protects mice from endotoxin shock. In vitro experiments showed that DDP suppressed the generation of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines by suppressing the activation of nuclear factor-κB and activator protein-1 and simultaneously inhibited its upstream inflammatory signaling cascades in lipopolysaccharide in RAW264.7 cells. In an animal model, DDP protected BALB/c mice from lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxin shock, possibly through inhibition of the production of inflammatory cytokines.
DDP inhibited the production of inflammatory mediators and may be a potential target for treatment of various inflammatory diseases.
Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2014;2014:134862.
Cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion by licochalcone B in isolated rat hearts.[Pubmed: 25215172
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a major cause of heart injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion. The left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and the maximum up/down rate of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt(max)) were documented by a physiological recorder.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Myocardial infarct size was estimated macroscopically using 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. Coronary effluent was analyzed for lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) release to assess the degree of cardiac injury. The levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were analyzed to determine the inflammation status of the myocardial tissue. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis analysis was performed using the In Situ Cell Death Detection Kit, POD. Accordingly, Licochalcone B pretreatment improved the heart rate (HR), increased LVDP, and decreased CK and LDH levels in coronary flow. SOD level and GSH/GSSG ratio increased, whereas the levels of MDA, TNF-α, and CRP and activities of IL-8 and IL-6 decreased in Licochalcone B-treated groups. The infarct size and cell apoptosis in hearts from Licochalcone B-treated group were lower than those in hearts from the I/R control group.
Therefore, the cardioprotective effects of Licochalcone B may be attributed to its antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory activities.
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2014 Dec;115(6):527-33.
Antimetastatic effects of licochalcone B on human bladder carcinoma T24 by inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases-9 and NF-кB activity.[Pubmed: 25099010
This study investigated the mechanisms by which Licochalcone B (LCB) inhibits the adhesion,invasion and metastasis of human malignant bladder cancer T24 cells.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Cell viability was evaluated using a sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. Cell migration and invasion ability were conducted using wound-healing assay and matrigel transwell invasion assay. The activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were measured by gelatin zymography protease assays. The expression in protein level of NF-κBP65 and AP-1 was determined using the ELISA method; the protein levels of MMP-9, NF-κBP65, IκBα and P-IκBα were detected by Western blot. The expression in mRNA level of MMP-9 was assessed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcription PCR. The results indicated that Licochalcone Battenuated T24 cell migration, adhesion and invasion in a concentration-dependent manner. Licochalcone B treatment down-regulated the mRNA expression, protein expression and activity of MMP-9 but had no effect on MMP-2. In addition, Licochalcone B treatment decreased the protein level of NF-кBP65 and nuclear translocation of NF-кB. These findings suggested that Licochalcone Battenuated migration of bladder cancer T24 cells and adhesion and invasion accompanied with down-regulated protein expression of MMP-9 and the nuclear translocation of NF-кB.
Our results provide support that LCB may be a potent adjuvant therapeutic agent in the prevention and therapy of bladder cancer.
Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2016 Aug;19(8):910-5.
Hepatoprotective effects of licochalcone B on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver toxicity in mice.[Pubmed: 27746874
The objective of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of Licochalcone B (LCB) in a mice model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver toxicity.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity was manifested by an increase in the levels of ALT, AST, MDA, IL-6, CRP, and TNF-ɑ, and a decrease in the SOD level and GSH/GSSG ratio in the serum. The histopathological examination of the liver sections revealed necrosis and inflammatory reactions. Pretreatment with LCB decreased the levels of ALT, AST, MDA, GSSG, IL-6, CRP, TNF-ɑ, and the protein expression of p38 and NF-κB, increased the level of SOD and GSH, and normalized the hepatic histo-architecture.
LCB protected the liver from CCl4-induced injury. Protection may be due to inhibition of p38 and NFκB signaling, which subsequently reduced inflammation in the liver.