Isoliquiritin apioside with marked potential to combat oxidative stress-induced genotoxicity.
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Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C)
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
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The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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Evaluation of antigenotoxic activity of isoliquiritin apioside from Glycyrrhiza glabra L.[Pubmed: 19490840
Prevention of manifestation of events characteristic of carcinogenesis is being emphasized a rational strategy to combat cancer. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in tumor initiation through oxidative damage of DNA.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
In search for lead molecules in cancer chemoprevention from natural products, a fraction 'Rlicca' isolated from Glycyrrhiza glabra was studied for modulatory effect against hydrogen peroxide and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide induced genotoxicity in Escherichiacoli PQ37 using SOS chromotest and in human peripheral blood lymphocytes using the Comet assay. The fraction 'Rlicca' at a concentration of 191 microM decreased the SOS inducing potency (SOSIP) of hydrogen peroxide (1.0mM) and NQO (20 microg/ml) by 83.72% and 68.77%, respectively. In the human blood lymphocytes, 'Rlicca' reduced the tail moment induced by hydrogen peroxide (25 microM) and NQO (5 microg/ml) by 88.04% and 76.64%, respectively, using the Comet assay. The spectroscopic data of 'Rlicca' fraction revealed it to be Isoliquiritin apioside, a chalcone oligoglycoside.
This is the first report of Isoliquiritin apioside with marked potential to combat oxidative stress-induced genotoxicity.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 May 23;469(1-3):159-63.
Antitussive principles of Glycyrrhizae radix, a main component of the Kampo preparations Bakumondo-to (Mai-men-dong-tang).[Pubmed: 12782198
We attempted to elucidate the antitussive principles of Glycyrrhizae radix, a main component of Bakumondo-to (Mai-men-dong-tang). Although the 50% methanol-eluted fraction (100 mg/kg, p.o.) caused a more than 60% reduction in the number of capsaicin-induced coughs, neither the water-eluted nor 100% ethanol-eluted fractions of water extract of G. radix had antitussive effects. The water extract of G. radix contained high levels of liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, Isoliquiritin apioside and glycyrrhizin. On the other hand, the 50% methanol-eluted fraction contained mainly liquiritin and liquiritin apioside, but not the other compounds. Liquiritin apioside (3-30 mg/kg, p.o.), but not liquiritin, isoliquiritin, Isoliquiritin apioside or glycyrrhizin, dose-dependently inhibited the number of coughs. Methysergide, a serotonin receptor antagonist, antagonized the antitussive effect of liquiritin apioside. However, the antitussive effect of liquiritin apioside was not antagonized by naloxone. Pretreatment with glibenclamide (3 mg/kg, i.p.), an ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker, also significantly reduced the antinociceptive effect of liquiritin apioside. These results suggest that G. radix contains a potent antitussive compound, liquilitin apioside, whose antitussive effect may depend on both peripheral and central mechanisms.